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The Elements in a Program
Each team competes with a choreographed program. The programs are structured around a set of required elements. There are 5 to 9 required elements in a program depending on the level in which the team competes.

A LINE element can be as basic as a straight line going down the ice or more complex with one or two lines pivoting while moving down the ice.


A BLOCK is a group of at least 3 lines that move across the ice as a unit. It usually includes a transition in which the number of lines in the block changes.


In an INTERSECTION lines of skaters intersect by passing each other very closely. This can take the shape of two lines, a triangle, a box or a whip.

In a WHEEL lines of skaters rotate around a central point, like the spokes in a wheel. The variations include a 2-spoke, 3-spoke, 4-spoke and (two-lines) parallel wheel.


The NO-HOLD BLOCK is required for Intermediate level and above. A 4x4 block of disconnected skaters move across the ice in a series of difficult turns.


A CIRCLE shape is usually done while traveling down the ice. At higher levels it is executed with one circle inside of another, while weaving and traveling.


The MOVES IN THE FIELD element features spirals, 180s, spread eagles and other synchro moves.


The CREATIVE element showcases skaters strengths through spins, vaults, pairs moves and more.


LIFTS are only allowed at the Senior level and use groups of 4 skaters.
What is Synchro?
Synchronized skating is a popular discipline both within U.S. Figure Skating and around the world. U.S. Figure Skating held the first U.S. Synchronized Skating Championships in 1984 and also hosted the first World Synchronized Skating Championships in 2000. There are approximately 525 synchronized teams registered with U.S. Figure Skating, and nearly 5,000 athletes participate annually in the synchronized skating sectional championships.

Synchronized skating is a team sport in which 8-20 skaters perform a program together. It uses the same judging system as singles, pairs and dance and is characterized by teamwork, speed, intricate formations and challenging step sequences. As with the other disciplines, all teams perform a free skate with required well-balanced program elements. In addition, teams at the junior and senior level perform a short program consisting of required elements.

Elements in synchronized skating include blocks, circles, wheels, lines, intersections, moves in the field, moves in isolation, no-hold step sequences, spins and pairs moves. The variety and difficulty of elements require that each team member is a highly skilled individual skater. The typical senior-level athlete has passed a senior or gold test in at least two disciplines.

From US Figure Skating

US Figure Skatings Guide to the Elements

The sport pulls from all the disciplines of figure skating




The sport develops positive attributes in the skaters

Team Work



Hard Work


Peer support

Time Management





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